Cos’è il Calisthenics

Il Calisthenics è un’attività motoria che permette, attraverso l’esercizio a corpo libero, di utilizzare il peso corporeo e la forza di gravità come resistenza per migliorare le qualità muscolari, la mobilità articolare e lo sviluppo della forza.

Nel Calisthenics si allenano sia esercizi dinamici che isometrici chiamate “skills”, alcune condivise con la ginnastica artistica, tali esercizi comportano una determinata espressione di forza per essere portati a compimento.

Una particolarità importante di questo sport è quella di essere un’attività duale, cioè in grado di sfruttare il sistema aerobico e anaerobico, in grado di bruciare molte calorie ed in particolare grassi per il raggiungimento del peso forma ottimale.

Le origini

Il Calisthenics è una disciplina sportiva a corpo libero che ha origini molto lontane.

Il suo termine deriva da due parole greche: “kalos” che significa bellezza e “sthenos” ovvero forza.

I primi cenni storici risalgono all’epoca greca, intorno al 1800, inizialmente praticato dai soldati greci come preparazione alle guerre, il quale conferiva loro, oltre alle doti di agilità e resistenza, doti di forza e bellezza del portamento.

Come si svolge

Il Calisthenics è un metodo di allenamento a corpo libero che si svolge con l’utilizzo di sbarre, parallele, anelli da ginnastica e zavorre. Esso si può praticare ovunque, in palestra, a casa, all’aria aperta tanto da essere stato definito anche Street Workout (allenamento da strada). Entrambi i termini, infatti, vengono utilizzati per definire la stessa disciplina: ovvero il Calisthenics.  

In ogni caso, i movimenti degli esercizi base del Calisthenics sono semplici e ripetibili, per questo l’attività risulta fruibile da un maggior numero di persone e di qualsiasi età.

È importante sottolineare che con l’avanzare del tempo gli esercizi subiscono un avanzamento della difficoltà di esecuzione, richiedendo più forza e adeguato condizionamento muscolare.

È fondamentale possedere una buona mobilità articolare per l’esecuzione di tali esercizi: se i muscoli e le articolazioni sono troppo legate e i range di movimento sono troppo limitati, è bene dedicare parte del lavoro di preparazione iniziale a questo obiettivo, attraverso lo stretching ed esercizi di mobilità articolare.

Il raggiungimento delle “skills” necessitano di tempo e costanza, lo sviluppo di esse è preceduto da una serie di propedeutiche che accompagnano il soggetto a un adeguato adattamento tendineo e muscolare, evitando eventuali infortuni.

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